Distribution and traits of the fungal pathogen Fusarium virguliforme that influence current and future risk to soybean and other legumes in Minnesota
Dean Malvick, Plant Pathology
The soil-borne fungus Fusarium virguliforme is the cause of soybean sudden death syndrome (SDS) –an important disease affecting soybean yield in Minnesota– and other diseases in crops like alfafa, dry beans and clover.
F. virguliforme is relatively new to Minnesota. There are still gaps in knowledge regarding current distribution, temperature limits, factors influencing future spread and possible pathogenicity to non-soybean crops. This project will map the distribution of F. virguliforme across the state; determine its risk to edible dry bean, clover and alfalfa; and determine whether disease risk varies by region, temperature and soil type.
Another important element of F. virguliforme is its connection to soybean cyst nematode (SCN), an invasive pest that has spread through much of southern Minnesota and now into northern parts of the state. Cysts produced by the nematode have been found to harbor F. virguliforme. In some areas, soil microbes seem to suppress both SCN and F. virguliforme. This research will examine the major interactions between F. virguliforme, SCN and other soil fungi.
- What is the current geographic distribution of F. virguliforme in Minnesota?
- Are aerial and satellite images useful for detecting soybean sudden death syndrome caused by F. viguliforme?
- What is the potential for F. virguliforme crop damage to edible dry bean, alfalfa and clover?
- Is there a consistent correlation between soybean sudden death syndrome and soybean cyst nematode in soybean fields? Is F. virguliforme frequently found within SCN cysts?
- What is the cold temperature limit for F. virguliforme survival?
- Does virulence of F. virguliforme vary by region or soil type?
This work is part of a larger strategy to reduce Minnesota’s risk from soybean sudden death syndrom, soybean cyst nematode and other crop diseases. It will build the knowledge base needed to develop long-term management strategies to these new threats to our state’s agricultural industry.
Dean Malvick, prinicipal investigator
Rod Olarte, post-doctoral associate
Kathryn Bushley, co-investigator
Rebecca Hall, Masters student
News & Publications
- Benefits and Profitability of Fluopyram-Amended Seed Treatments for Suppressing Sudden Death Syndrome and Protecting Soybean Yield: A Meta-Analysis (Plant Disease, 2018)
- Effects of Pathogen Population Levels and Crop-Derived Nutrients on Development of Soybean Sudden Death Syndrome and Growth of Fusarium virguliforme (Plant Disease, 2016)
Unraveling Microbial and Edaphic Factors Affecting the Development of Sudden Death Syndrome in Soybean (Phytobiomes Journal, 2017)