Competitiveness and adaptability of Palmer amaranth in changing Minnesota climate

scientist working in a lab with palmer amaranth

Debalin Sarangi, PhD, working on a Palmer amaranth experiment in a greenhouse, St. Paul, MN

 

Background

Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) is the most problematic weed in row-crop production in the US. It was first reported in Minnesota in 2016. Because the species is on the Minnesota Prohibited Noxious Weed Eradicate list, it has not been feasible to conduct field experiments, and there is a lack of information about how the species adapts and competes in Minnesota which would inform management strategies. This is further underscored by climate change as Minnesota experiences wetter springs, more common flash floods, and drought in summer.

Palmer amaranth is receiving some competitive challenge from its native relative, waterhemp (Amaranthus tuberculatus). Waterhemp is well-established in Minnesota. The two species have many biological and physiological commonalities, however there is limited data on their relative competitiveness when they coexist, especially in the same climate.

Research question

  • How do changes in precipitation/soil moisture influence the emergence and growth of Palmer amaranth?

Practical implications

This research will generate important information on the adaptability of Palmer amaranth to current and future rainfall patterns in Minnesota and build a foundation for future research. The information gained will help land managers choose the most effective management options in the future.

Outcomes

This project began in January 2023 and is in progress for the next 3 years. Please check back at a later time for updates.

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Research team

Debalin Sarangi | principal investigator

Roger Becker | co-principal investigator

Gregg Johnson | co-principal investigator

Sachin Dhanda | postdoctoral researcher

Vasudha Sharma | collaborator

Isidor Ceperkovic | researcher

Sithin Mathew | graduate student

 

Collaborating organizations

UMN Extension

Minnesota Department of Agriculture